The Center for Advanced Computer Systems (ACS) of the Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences was established on the basis of Laboratory for Advanced Computer System since September 2011. In November 2013, it became a scientific research entity of the Institute of Computing Technology.

The center is mainly engaged in software and hardware co-design for emerging workloads such as big data and artificial intelligence, open source chips, open source computer systems, and benchmark science and engineering. There are five laboratories: Frontier System Laboratory, Software System Laboratory, Architecture Laboratory, Data System Laboratory, Data Computing Laboratory.

At present, the center has nearly 50 permanent staff, including 7 professors/researchers, 12 associate professors/researchers. It has nearly 150 students studying or visiting. The center recruits postdoctoral fellows, staff and visiting students all the year round. The center is responsible for the theoretical and experimental teaching of the two core courses (Principles of Computer Organization and Operating System) at the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences. In recent years, the center has mainly undertaken the Strategic Pilot Projects of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Projects of National Natural Science Foundation of China, and the National Key Research and Development Program of China.